fieldwork in mozambique

randomized experiment associated to the october 2010 elections





We have designed and organized together with local partners a randomized experiment on voter education during the elections of October 2010.

This experiment included:

·        A set of randomized treatments:

1.     Civic Education through SMS

2.     SMS Hotline for electoral problems

3.     Newspaper A Verdade, focusing on voter education

·        Pre and Post-Election Panel Household Surveys including 1766 households in 161 enumeration areas chosen representatively.

This experiment was aimed at assessing the effects of the campaign, not only in terms of reports/perceptions related with violence, but also in terms of voting behavior (turnout, vote). We also designed specific modules to measure the effects of the treatments within the household and through social networks. A migration module was included in the baseline survey.


We also conducted a parallel project on impact measurement of electoral observation. We collaborated with the international observer mission organized by UNDP, and the national observers deployed by Observatório Eleitoral.


This page is intended to provide an introduction to the fieldwork involved focusing on the randomized experiment on voter education.





Map with the sampled areas - click on the image for details

google earth version here





·        Civic Education:

o   CNE/STAE Leaflet distributed during the baseline


o   SMS Messages


·        Hotline:

o   Leaflet distributed during the baseline


o   Webpage on a ushahidi platform


·        Newspaper A Verdade:

o   Webpage


o   Civic Education on the newspaper


o   National Hotline on the newspaper, with ushahidi platform




·        Open Letter

o   Leaflet




·        Training


Pre-election survey


Post-election survey

·        Cabo Delgado



·        Gaza



·        Maputo Province



·        Zambezia






·        rdpafricalogoPedro Vicente interviewed by RDP-Africa, 20-11-09 - click here

·        Pedro Vicente and Jenny Aker on a panel discussion on mobile phones at BBC, 28-09-10 - click here




·        Many people contributed to this project:

o   Miguel Lino Ferreira provided outstanding research assistance - we are most grateful for his crucial contribution.

o   We would like to convey a special 'thank you' for wonderful cooperation to Adérito Caldeira, Sheikh Abdul Carimo, Erik Charas, Joshua Haynes, Thomas Kroner, Sérgio Labistour, Jocelyn Mason, João Pereira, and Carlos Shenga.

·        We are grateful for the precious contribution of the supervisors:


Egídio Chaimite (Cabo Delgado)

Egídio Guambe (Gaza)

Aquílcia Samuel (Maputo Province)

Alberto da Cruz (Zambezia)


and all the enumerators in the surveys:

(Cabo Delgado)

Papaíto Matimba

Gafar Moisés

Imamo Mussa

Pascoal Najopa

Diogo Nixiuria

Alberto Sabão

Stélio Tandane



Vicente Chauque

Vasconcelos Chiluvane

Moséstia David

Elísio Mabasso

Ana Cláudia Machava

Benildo Naiene


(Maputo Province)

Carlos Macamo

David Manhiça

Wilson Milice

Celso Monjane

Sérgio Ndimande

Énia de Sousa

Nárcia Tomas



Venâncio Bata

Elton Cavadias

Nilton Gemo

Yasfir Ibraimo

Ermelinda Meque

Zulfai Micas

Carlos Muianga




·        This research was coordinated by Pedro Vicente, Jenny Aker, Paul Collier, and Ana Vaz.

·        This research was funded by the International Growth Centre, a consortium between the LSE and Oxford financed by the DfID - Department for International Development (UK), the Foundation Open Society Institute (Zug), and Trinity College Dublin.